Data - Definition

Data is information recorded precisely in the form of text and numbers. The following is a piece of data:

Number of barn owls cited in Devon in 2010 is 237

The following is information but not data:  The number of barn owls being sited in Devon has been increasing over recent years.

Note that very often information can be backed up by data.  If you can produce the previous few year’s figures for the number of owls sited, then the above statement can be comfirmed or proved false. If you cannot, then it is speculation, not information.

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